Of all the genres of film, Film Noir is the only one with truly American roots. Starting with films like Stranger on the Third Floor and The Maltese Falcon, audiences were introduced to a world straight off the pages of the pulp novels. Many of the stories came from crime and detective novels written by authors like Dashiell Hammett, James M. Cain, and Raymond Chandler. With the shadowy depiction of a pessimistic America, films took a new turn. Instead of a hero in a white hat, we began to see the cynical detectives like Philip Marlowe. Instead of a classic and innocent beauty, we were treated to the femme fatale, embodied by great actresses like Barbara Stanwyck. This era of film-making lasted only a short time, but produced a world of shadows, intrigue, murder, fedoras, and consequence.